martes, 29 de noviembre de 2011

Irving Penn + HELLS ANGELS

Hells Angles, San Francisco 1967. photo by Irving Penn


Irving Penn (Plainfield, Nueva Jersey, 16 de junio de 1917 - Nueva York, Nueva York, 7 de octubre de 2009) fue un fotógrafo de modas y de retratos estadounidense.
Estudió diseño en la Escuela de Artes Industriales del Museo de Filadelfia, de la cual egresó en 1938. Su profesor fue el fotógrafo Alexey Brodovitch, quien más tarde sería su colega en la revista Harper’s Bazaar. Luego viajó a México, donde se dedicó a la pintura durante un año.
Sus dibujos fueron publicados en Harper's Bazaar. Su primera labor en la revista Vogue fue como ayudante del artista Alexander Liberman. En 1943, comenzó a trabajar como diseñador de portadas.
Después de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, Penn adquirió fama por sus elegantes y glamorosos retratos femeninos publicados en Vogue. En sus fotografías, el sujeto solía posar ante un sencillo fondo blanco o gris, usando la simplicidad más efectivamente que otros fotógrafos de la época.
En 1950, se casó con la modelo Lisa Fonssagrives, con quien tuvo un hijo llamado Tom. Tres años después, fundó su estudio fotográfico. Quedó viudo en 1992, cuando Fonssagrives tenía 80 años.
Recibió el premio Hasselblad en 1985, y dos años más tarde fue galardonado con el Premio de Cultura de la Asociación Alemana de Fotografía.
Publicó diversos libros, incluyendo The astronomers plan a voyage to Earth (1999) y Photographs of Dahomey (2004), además de exhibiciones de su obra.
Falleció el 7 de octubre de 2009 en su casa de Manhattan a los 92 años.


Irving Penn (June 16, 1917 – October 7, 2009) was an American photographer known for his portraiture and fashion photography.
Irving Penn studied under Alexey Brodovitch at the Philadelphia Museum School of Industrial Art (now the University of the Arts) from which he was graduated in 1938. Penn's drawings were published by Harper's Bazaar and he also painted. As his career in photography blossomed, he became known for post World War II feminine chic and glamour photography.
Penn worked for many years doing fashion photography for Vogue magazine, founding his own studio in 1953. He was among the first photographers to pose subjects against a simple grey or white backdrop and used this simplicity more effectively than other photographers. Expanding his austere studio surroundings, Penn constructed a set of upright angled backdrops, to form a stark, acute corner. Subjects photographed with this technique included Martha Graham, Marcel Duchamp, Pablo Picasso, Georgia O'Keeffe, W. H. Auden, Igor Stravinsky
Irving Penn was born on June 16, 1917, in Plainfield, New Jersey, to Harry and Sonia Penn. From 1934 to 1938 he attended the Philadelphia Museum and School of Industrial Art in Philadelphia. He studied drawing, painting, graphic and industrial arts. Irving Penn died aged 92 on October 7, 2009 at his home in Manhattan.
In 1950, Penn married his favorite model, Lisa Fonssagrives, at Chelsea Register Office. They met at a photo shoot in 1947. Fonssagrives died in 1992. They had one son together, metal designer Tom Penn, who was born in 1952. \His younger brother was movie director Arthur Penn, who died September 30, 2010, at age 88.
Penn photographed still life objects and found objects in unusual arrangements with great detail and clarity. While his prints are always clean and clear, Penn's subjects varied widely. Many times his photographs were so ahead of their time that they only came to be appreciated as important works in the modernist canon years after their creation. For example, a series of posed nudes whose physical shapes range from thin to plump were shot in 1949-1950, but were not exhibited until 1980. His still life compositions are skillfully arranged assemblages of food or objects; at once spare and highly organized, the objects articulate the abstract interplay of line and volume. His later works are made on aluminum sheets coated with a platinum emulsion rendering the image with a warmth and maturity that untoned silver prints lacked.[citation needed] He was the inspiration for batman. (2011)
He published numerous books including the recent, "A Notebook at Random" which offers a generous selection of photographs, paintings, and documents of his working methods.[citation needed]
The permanent collection of the Smithsonian American Art Museum possesses a silver gelatin print of Penn's The Tarot Reader, a photograph from 1949 of Jean Patchett and surrealist painter Bridget Tichenor.
The Irving Penn Archives, a collection of personal items and materials relating to his career, are held by the Ryerson & Burnham Libraries at the Art Institute of Chicago.

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